Facts About Mold in NYC

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What are mold and fungi?

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Mold and fungi are microscopic organisms that are naturally occurring, live on just about any organic surface, thrive in damp areas, and generally reproduce by releasing spores into the air. Some mold and fungus are beneficial while others can be very dangerous and detrimental to your health.

Mold is important as it helps in recycling of nutrients and breaking down dead materials in the environment. These organisms can virtually be found growing anywhere on organic material i.e. foods, soil, plant matter, inside your home; and in some cases on non organic materials as well.

Mold and fungus reproduce by producing spores that are dispersed through the air, carried off by insects and animals, and can even travel with water. The spores act like mold seeds and are capable of growing once they find suitable conditions for growth. In prime conditions, a full blown mold infestation can form in as little as 48 hours.

Types of Mold-

  • Cladosporium
  •  Penicillium
  • Alternaria
  • Aspergillus

Mold growth

mold growth

Molds grow and multiply rapidly under suitable conditions. In terms of in and around your home, mold only needs organic matter like dry wall, wood studs, natural fiber carpet, wood floors, ceiling tiles, roofing along with sufficient moisture which can be in form of condensation, humidity, a leaky roof,  burst pipes, etc. The growth of mold is rapid
under the right conditions, can encompass a home in a matter of days, and will make you sick if the infestation is not dealt with in a timely fashion.

How can molds find way into your

Mold spores are virtually everywhere as there spores are spread by the air  Once they find suitable conditions for growth, the organisms will blossom and flourish rapidly. In short, this means that mold is definitely growing somewhere close by your home (it is probably already in your home) and proactive measures should be taken on a regular basis to make sure you do not fall victim to a mold infestation. As new yorkers, we have to constantly look out to prevent the growth of molds in our homes by quickly dealing with the problem as soon as it is detected.

Common Problems, Causes, and Places Mold Grows

  • Roof leakage in our homes – Roof and attic mold problems
  • Plumbing Leaks
  • Steam from kitchen and bathroom – Not having proper ventilation will lead to excess moisture which in turn will cause mold to grow.
  • Crawl spaces and basement
  • Condensation due to poor ventilation, insulation, and drainage-
  • Humidifiers- Humidifiers can also cause mold to grow as they put out additional humidity into the air in your home. Excess humidity is a prime inhibitor for mold growth.
  • Wet clothes in our closets – do not store wet clothes in drawers or closets.
  • Water damage and flooding

Some of the indications of moisture problems include warping of your floor, discoloration of the wall or ceiling, and condensation on windows or walls, mold growing under your sink, bathroom mold, warped roofing, mold growing on your foundation or in your basement,etc.The key to keeping mold from your home is through controlling all the moisture problems that can arise in and around your home.

Problems that mold can cause in and around your home

Mold should never be allowed to grow your home because of their destructive nature. Extensive contamination of mold can cause serious health problems to your family and also damage your home if it is not contained early. A frequent mold inspection should be done from time to time to ensure that these organisms are not growing in your home.

How does mold affect you and your family’s health?

Continuous exposure to mold causes serious health problems. The common being allergic reactions mainly due to inhalation of mold spore. The allergic response may be in form of asthma, eyes irritation, irritation in the nose, hay fever, lungs and throat irritations. You can never be specific on how someone will react on breathing
these mold spores, because allergic reaction is different to each individual
and greatly depends on individual sensitivity.

The allergic reaction can either come from exposure of living or dead molds therefore mold removal with disinfectant or bleach does not assure your family is completely free from any future allergic responses. The best way of preventing this situation is by never giving these organisms room to even grow. Deny them the suitable conditions they need to thrive.

Other common effects of mold exposure may include toxic effects and infections. Although, a serious infection from mold exposure is really rare, it can happen to people with highly suppressed immune systems. Some molds may produce toxins but this only happens in specific growing conditions. Very little evidence of lethal effects of mold have been reported, usually caused from  eating moldy grains, and there is even less evidence of lethal reactions after inhaling mold spores. Mold’s toxic effects are extremely rare compared to its allergic response and irritation influence.

Symptoms of mold exposure

mold symptoms

The most common symptoms of mold exposure are allergic response and irritation to the body. These symptoms vary from one person to the other according to the degree of sensitivity but here are some of the common symptoms due to indoor mould exposure

  • Eye irritation like watery eye, red
    or itchy
  • Nasal congestion
  • Throat irritations
  • Headaches
  • Cough
  • Respiratory complications e.g.
    breathing difficulty, wheezing
  • Swollen Tongues and throats
  • Skin rashes and infections

Who are at greater risk due to mold exposure?

High amount of mold exposure is not healthy to anyone. There should be a periodic mold inspection and removal procedures scheduled as this is the only effective way to
minimize mold exposure in our homes. This said, some people will be more affected
by mold exposure than other, this include;

1 People with weaken immune system
i.e. chemotherapy patients, people with HIV/AIDS infection, or organ transplant

2 People with high respiratory sensitivity;
this include people with asthma, emphysema or allergies.

Mold indicators

Mold can easily be seen or smelled. The growth often appears discolored, furry or slimy patches which increases as they flourish. These organisms also produce musty odors. These are some of the common mold indicators you can easily spot. You can find mold by looking at areas with visible signs of water damage and mould growth or smell your way to the source of the mold odor.

Other clues are drainage water and areas with excess moisture and humidity. Start by looking under cabinets, carpets, wallpaper, attics, basements, etc. These are common areas that are susceptible to mold attack and should be cleaned often in order to keep the mold under control. These areas may include;

  • Shower curtains
  • Window moldings
  • Surfaces around the air conditioner
  • Seal on refrigerator door
  • Basements and crawlspaces
  • Attics
  • Bathrooms and kitchens
  • Outside of a foundation
  • Inside of walls

How to get rid of mold

The first step towards mold control is to control any moisture problem or water leak in your home. Any source of water leakage has to be identified and corrected immediately. Second, porous materials that have extensive mold growth have to be thrown away .i.e. carpet, ceiling tiles, papers etc. Dry all wet material thoroughly, if this is not possible, throw
them away to prevent a mold breakout.

Molds that are growing on hard surfaces can easily be scraped off and surface cleaned with a mold remover and disinfectant to kill the remaining mold spores. In areas where is it hard to keep dry i.e. bath room; bleach solution can be used to control the mold growth before it gets out of hand. When using bleach, make sure your room is well ventilated because bleach causes eye and nose irritation.

NYC Mold inspection, testing, and mold removal services-

Hiring a reputable and professional mold inspection and mold removal company is the safest way to make sure that you do not have any water damage, water leaks, excess moisture issues, ventilation problems, poor drainage concerns, and/or mold growing within or around your home.

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NYC water damage

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Water damage NYC


Did you know that structure drying involves a number of steps? Removing water inside your home or building is a task that can be challenging or cumbersome. Most people whose homes have been ravaged by serious water intrusion need experts to extract water and effectively dry the affected indoor space and all furniture in it.Structure drying starts with removal or extraction of water. This is an important step, especially when water is contained within an enclosed space (e.g. basement) with little or no chance of draining. Water should be pumped out of the area.

Though largely helpful, water extraction is not enough to keep the structural integrity of the affected area. Remaining moisture will raise indoor humidity and cause further problems. One particular problem is growth of fungi and mold, which cause deterioration of wood, so wet walls and furniture are at risk of rotting. For this reason, it is necessary to dry all materials and all areas affected by water.

Mold contamination can occur in moist indoor environments after two days. Mold can coat walls and ceilings and make your indoor air an unhealthy place.Drying moist surfaces can be successfully achieved through a combination of air flow and de-humidifcation. This is accompanied by raising ambient temperatures to facilitate faster drying.

If your house or property has been affected by a recent flood or severe water leak, contact us.


You may think the air inside your house is clean, but studies have suggested that the air you breathe indoors may be 6 times more polluted than the air outdoors. An indoor environment does not have sufficient circulation mechanism that distributes and diffuses contaminants. Because we choose to seal our homes for energy efficiency, we often build a contained indoor environment and discourage exchange of outdoor and indoor air. In other words, contaminants indoors never find their way out, unless we purify our indoor air.

Indoor air pollutants can come as particulates—dust, pollen, dander, smoke, and aerosol. They can also come as floating microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, dust mites, and mold spores. Other pollutants are gaseous in nature, and these are generated by smoking or cooking. Cleaning products may release vapors and fumes that diffuse inside an enclosed space. Indoor air pollutants may be benign, disgusting, or hazardous.

It is the irksome and hazardous air pollutants that compel a lot of homeowners to install indoor air purifiers. After all, we all want to live in a healthy environment. We don’t want to inhale dirty air. We don’t want to suffer from allergies and respiratory diseases.

Air purifiers can be installed as a separate device or it can be installed right in the heating and cooling system, actively filtering passing air and releasing clean air into the house or the building. Air Purifiers come as a portable device or a unit that can be installed in your HVAC system or as a simple plug- in appliance.

Contact us for more information on our NYC water damage, NYC flood damage services, and NYC mold removal services

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Mold in Homes NYC

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The Effects of Household Mold in NYC

We hear so much about household mold these days, but what really are the effects of having mold in your home? The key to controlling mold is to control moisture. However, if there is a problem that you are either unaware of or that you cannot solve immediately, you need to know the effects of household mold on you, your family and your house.

Mold can destroy homes and cause illness in humans and pets. It is not usually found indoors unless there is a moisture issue. Mold spores may be in the environment inside your home all the time, but it does not attach to surfaces and grow unless there is moisture or humidity over 55% in the home. So the first step in avoiding the effects we will discuss here is to eliminate any moisture from your home.

Effects of Mold on Your Home

Mold growing outdoors is always seeking to decompose materials such as dead leaves, tree trunks, fruits and nuts. You can find a wide variety of molds when you take a walk through a forest or heavily treed area. If you look hard enough you are sure to find a dead tree log that is covered from one end to the other in green, sometimes slimy mold.

If mold can do this in nature what can it do if it is growing in your home? The answer is actually pretty simple. It can destroy your home if it is growing on wooden joists or load bearing walls. It can ruin a hardwood floor; require you to rip out all the drywall in an affected area or room. It can grow on wood or brick both inside and outside your home and it can grow on aluminum gutters attached to the outside of your home. It can permanently damage aluminum overhangs as well.

In addition to any damage and health issues, mold also causes everything to look dirty and neglected.

Effects of Mold on You and Your Family

There are thousands of types of mold and the majority of them are not toxic or allergenic. These types of mold, such as mildew, can be cleaned and eradicated from your home easily and safely. However there are several household molds that are either toxic or allergenic or both.  Let’s look at some of the best known of these and the deadliest one in particular– black mold.

There are certain areas of the country that are consistently vulnerable to mold because of the damp humid conditions that always exist there. States like Louisiana, Oregon, Texas and Florida have mold infestations. Though not toxic there are many molds in these states that can cause health issues such as asthma, respiratory infections and chronic sinus infections. Some of these milder molds include clasosporium and helminthosporium. How much mold do you have to be exposed to before you get sick? This varies from one person to another and it has a lot to do with how strong your immune system is. If your immune system is compromised you should attempt to avoid mold as much as possible.

Milder allergic reactions to mold include sneezing, coughing, infections, nasal congestion, wheezing and trouble breathing. You might have headaches and burning or watery eyes, diarrhea, vomiting, rashes and fatigue. All of this from the mild, non-toxic molds.

The more dangerous and serious of household molds is Black mold. Formally known as stachybotrys it is the most dangerous mold for humans. Other fairly common household molds that are also fairly toxic include aspergillus and penicillium. People are exposed to these molds by inhaling them, ingesting them or skin contact with them. These molds can cause severe respiratory infections and inability to breath. They can cause pulmonary emergencies, brain damage, memory problems, cancers, infertility, birth defects and miscarriages. It is best to avoid these molds and allow a professional to deal with the problem.

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